Desarrollo de un dispositivo de sensores integrados para el estudio del comportamiento animal / Development of an integrated sensor device for the study of animal behavior

Oliva Trevisan, Andrés (2023) Desarrollo de un dispositivo de sensores integrados para el estudio del comportamiento animal / Development of an integrated sensor device for the study of animal behavior. Master in Engineering, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Instituto Balseiro.

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Abstract in Spanish

El monitoreo del comportamiento de la tortuga terrestre Chelonoidis chilensis en su hábitat natural, es esencial para recopilar información sobre su movimiento y elaborar directrices para la conservación de la especie, debido a que actualmente se encuentra en estado vulnerable. En esta Tesis, se presenta el desarrollo de una familia de dispositivos de bajo costo y bajo consumo de energía, formada por un dispositivo de monitoreo que se coloca sobre el animal, una estación colectora y un rastreador de radio frecuencia. Sus diseños fueron elaborados de forma de ser fácilmente adaptables para el monitoreo de otras especies animales en otros contextos. Cada dispositivo de la familia está compuesto por un transceptor compatible con protocolos de internet de las cosas (IoT) en la banda de frecuencia Sub-1 GHz, un receptor de sistema de navegación por satélite global (GNSS), un magnetómetro, así como sensores de temperatura e inercia. El dispositivo no supera el 5% del peso del animal para evitar perturbar su comportamiento. El peso de la placa de circuito impreso, junto a la batería y el receptor GNSS, es de 44,9 g y sus dimensiones son de 48,7 mm x 63,7 mm. La autonomía que puede variar entre una semana y un mes, dependiendo de las tasas de muestreo de los sensores, la tasa de la señal de radio frecuencia y la del receptor GNSS. La placa fue diseñada para funcionar como un dispositivo de monitoreo, una estación de recopilación de datos y un rastreador, mediante la adición de pequeñas piezas de hardware. Se presenta aquí el diseño del circuito electrónico y del firmware asociado, pensados para permitir la extensión de las funciones del dispositivo. Se realizaron mediciones en el laboratorio y en el campo para evaluar la autonomía y el alcance del enlace de radio frecuencia, así como el consumo de energía y el error de posicionamiento asociado. Se informan esos valores y discuten las limitaciones y ventajas del dispositivo, publicando este desarrollo abierto para su uso por parte de otros grupos de investigación que trabajan en proyectos similares.

Abstract in English

The monitoring of the behavior of the Chelonoidis chilensis tortoise in its natural habitat is essential for gathering information about its movement and developing guidelines for the conservation of the species, as it is currently classified as vulnerable. This thesis presents the development of a family of low-cost and low-power devices, which consists of a monitoring device placed on the animal, a data collection station, and a radio frequency tracker. These designs were made to be easily adaptable for monitoring other animal species in different contexts. Each device in the family is composed of a transceiver compatible with Internet of Things (IoT) protocols in the Sub-1 GHz frequency band, a global navigation satellite system (GNSS) receiver, a magnetometer, as well as temperature and inertial sensors. The device does not exceed 5% of the animal's weight to avoid disrupting its behavior. The weight of the printed circuit board (PCB), along with the battery and GNSS receiver, is 44.9 g, and its dimensions are 48.7 mm x 63.7 mm. The autonomy of the device can vary between one week and one month, depending on the sensor sampling rates, radio frequency signal rate, and GNSS receiver rate. The PCB was designed to function as a monitoring device, data collection station, and tracker by adding small hardware components. The design of the electronic circuits and associated firmware is presented, intended to allow for the extension of the device's functions. Measurements were conducted in the laboratory and in the field to evaluate autonomy, radio frequency link range, power consumption, and associated positioning error. These values are reported, and the limitations and advantages of the device are discussed, making this development openly available for use by other research groups working on similar projects.

Item Type:Thesis (Master in Engineering)
Keywords:Monitoring; Vigilancia; Global positioning system; Sistema Posicionamiento global; Accelerometer; Acelerómetros; Behavior; Comportamiento; Sensors; Sensores; [Animal movement; Movimiento animal]
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Subjects:Ingeniería en telecomunicaciones
Divisions:Gcia. de área de Investigación y aplicaciones no nucleares > Gcia. de Física > Sistemas complejos y altas energías > Física estadística interdisciplinaria
ID Code:1196
Deposited By:Tamara Cárcamo
Deposited On:14 Aug 2023 15:11
Last Modified:14 Aug 2023 15:11

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